Meaning: Dem Hira … The earliest written example of Tigrinya is a text of local laws found in the district of Logosarda, Debub Region in Southern Eritrea, which dates from the 13th century. Eritrea has nine national languages which are Tigrinya language, Tigre, Afar, Beja, Bilen, Kunama, Nara, Saho. The Ethnie Tigrinya has to trace back is its origin approximately 3000 year ago in the highland of Eritrea (Kebessa) in the provinces Hamasien , Serai and Akeluguzay . The Bible in Tigrinya, United Bible society, 1997, Rehman, Abdel. While gemination plays an important role in the morphology of the Tigrinya verb, it is normally accompanied by other marks. Tigrinya (50%) and Arabic are the working languages. The latter include Afar, Beja, Blin, and Saho. Since May 2002, the Eritrean government has officially recognized the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church, the Eritrean Catholic Church, the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Eritrea, and Sunni Islam. Religion in Eritrea mainly consists of Abrahamic faiths. The rows are assigned to the consonants, again in the traditional order. In 2016 we start to build the translation ourselves. Tigrinya (along with Arabic) was one of Eritrea's official languages during its short-lived federation with Ethiopia; in 1958 it was replaced by the Southern Ethiopic language Amharic prior to its annexation. Eritrea, Ethiopia. Predominant areas speaking the tongue are Asmara, the capital city, Mendefera, Adi Quala, Dekemhare, and Senafe. These redundant symbols are falling into disuse in Tigrinya and are shown with a dark gray background in the table. So, when -nya is attached to Tigre it means one who is Tigre The East African Semitic languages spoken in Eritrea are Tigre, Tigrinya, and the newly recognized Dahlik. Typing with this Tigrinya keyboard is the fastest way to type - you don't need any other Tigrinya input tools. Tigrinya Keyboard lets you type in English characters which gets instantly converted to Tigrinya. booksbylanguage_tigrinya Mediatype collection Publicdate 2018-11-06 04:10:34 Scanner Internet Archive Python library 1.8.1 Search_collection mediatype:texts AND language:(tigrinya OR tig) Title Tigrinya : Books by Language Tigrinya is the most widely spoken language in Eritrea (see Demographics of Eritrea), and the fourth most spoken language in Ethiopia after Amharic, Somali and Oromo. Eritrea does not have an official language (concept of «equality of all the Eritrean languages») Tigrinya (2.5 million) is the most spoken language Working and business languages are Tigrinya… The other languages are Tigre (40%), Afar (4%), Saho (3%), Bega (Beja), Bilen, Nara and … Remember last page visited 8. Best Free Bible App for Tigrinya, Tigrigna ተጋሩ Language in Eritrea and Ethiopia. Although it differs markedly from the Geʽez (Classical Ethiopic) language, for instance in having phrasal verbs, and in using a word order that places the main verb last instead of first in the sentence—there is a strong influence of Geʽez on Tigrinya literature, especially with terms relating to Christian life, Biblical names, and so on. In today’s episode, the language challenge will be between Luwam, a Tigrinya speaker from Eritrea, and Khalid, an Arabic speaker from Iraq. You would expect Tigrinya to mean language of the Tigre people.  Along with Tigrinya… Google also has a paid Translation Service that For the Ge'ez abugida, this canonical vowel is ä, the first column in the table. Region. In Ethiopia, a native of Tigray is referred to in Tigrinya as tigrāwāy (male), tigrāweytī (female), tigrāwōt or tegaru (plural). /tɨɡrɨɲa/. Tigrinya, Arabic, and English serve as the three working languages. Introduction Pages to the Tigrinya Language, Last edited on 10 December 2020, at 13:44, Tigrinya classes for children of Tigrinya-speaking immigrants in Sweden, teaches Tigrinya using Tigrinya words written in the English alphabet, Tigrina Learning and Playing Game Board -, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tigrinya_language&oldid=993410027, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. it affects the meaning of words. Read Bible in your Native Language as Tigrinya, Tigrigna. Tigre Geʽez (Tigre: ትግረ tigre or ትግሬ tigrē), better known in Eritrea by its autonym Tigrayit (ትግራይት), is an Afroasiatic language spoken in the Horn of Africa. This fricative or affricate is more often pronounced further back, in the uvular place of articulation (although it is represented in this article as [xʼ]). When the IPA symbol is different, it is indicated in square brackets. The consonant /v/ appears in parentheses because it occurs only in recent borrowings from European languages. Arabic is one of the main languages in Eritrea, it’s an international language, it has been decided by the Eritrean assembly during theFederation era to be an official language beside Tigrinya. /kʼɐrrɐbɐ/, ('he brought forth'); /kʼɐrɐbɐ/, ('he came closer'). ティグリニャ語 （ティグリニャ ご、Tigrinya language）は、 エリトリア 中央部および エチオピア の ティグリニャ人 （Tigrinya） が用いる言語である。 アフロ・アジア語族 の セム語派 に属し、 アムハラ語 や古代の ゲエズ語 に近い。� Since such minimal pairs are very rare, this presents no problem to readers of the language. Tigrinya (along with Arabic) was one of Eritrea's official languages during its short-lived federation with Ethiopia; in 1958 it was replaced by the Southern Ethiopic … See more. Since these two sounds are completely conditioned by their environments, they can be considered allophones of /k/ and /kʼ/. is written እንታይ, literally ’ǝ-nǝ-ta-yǝ. It seems to depend on gemination, but it has apparently not been systematically investigated. It is the lingua franca of Eritrea, and the first language of the vast majority of people in the Tigray region of Ethiopia. In these circumstances, /k/ is pronounced as a velar fricative. Die Neue Eritrea-Partei (auf Tigrinya: Mahber Hadas Ertra) war eine politische Partei in Eritrea. When the IPA symbol is different, it is indicated in square brackets. Old Translations 4. Unlike many of the modern Ethiopian Semitic languages, Tigrinya has preserved the two pharyngeal consonants which were apparently part of the ancient Geʽez language and which, along with [x'], voiceless velar ejective fricative or voiceless uvular ejective fricative, make it easy to distinguish spoken Tigrinya from related languages such as Amharic, though not from Tigre, which has also maintained the pharyngeal consonants. Bookmarks 7. The New Eritrea Party (in Tigrinya language : Mahber Hadas Ertra) was a political party in Eritrea. In Eritrea, Tigrinya speakers are officially known as the Bihére-Tigrigna ("nation of Tigrinya speakers"). Pronunciation. Tigrinya language means "the languageof the Tigray people” and is spoken by the majority of the inhabitants of Eritrea and the inhabitants of the Tigray region of Ethiopia. It is a social contract and lingua franca The suffix -nya means worker or one who works. Bihér roughly means an ethnic group in Tigrinya, Tigre and Ge'ez (from which Tigrigna and Tigre originate). The charts below show the phonemes of Tigrinya. That is, there is a set of ejective consonants and the usual seven-vowel system. Stress is neither contrastive nor particularly salient in Tigrinya. If you are advanced There is also a phrasebook online Tigrigna Bible or Tigrinya Bible with smart search for Eritrea / Ethiopia languages written in geez or Ethiopic unicode fonts ... And the Lord put words in Balaam's mouth, and said, Go back to Balak, and this is what you are to say. Tigrinya is an Afro-Asiatic language that is spoken mainly in Eritrea as well as Northern Ethiopia. It belongs to the Semitic family of languages, along with: Amharic, Arabic, Aramaic, Hebrew, Maltese, Syriac, and Tigre; however it is most closely related to Tigre, and then Amharic. Grammatically, Tigrinya is a typical Ethiopian Semitic (ES) language in most ways: Tigrinya grammar is unique within the Ethiopian Semitic language family in several ways: Tigrinya is written in the Ge'ez script, originally developed for Ge'ez, also called Ethiopic. The sounds are shown using the same system for representing the sounds as in the rest of the article. It is also spoken by large immigrant communities around the world, in countries including Sudan, Saudi Arabia, Israel, Germany, Italy, Sweden, the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States. New Translations 5. These less-used series are shown with a dark gray background in the chart. English Tigrigna Dictionary: A Dictionary of the Tigrinya Language: (Asmara) Simon Wallenberg Press. Eritrea (Liste der IPA-Zeichen: ; Tigrinya : Ertra, arabisch: إيريتريا Iritriyya) ist ein Staat im östlichen Afrika und grenzt an das Rote Meer , Äthiopien , den Sudan und Dschibuti. Gemination, the doubling of a consonantal sound, is meaningful in Tigrinya, i.e. The Tigray speak Tigrinya, a Semitic language related to Geʿez and to Tigré, the language of a separate people (the Tigre) inhabiting northwestern Eritrea. Tigrinya definition, a Semitic language spoken in northern Ethiopia. For example, for the verb meaning cry, which has the triconsonantal root |bky|, there are forms such as ምብካይ /məbkaj/ ('to cry') and በኸየ /bɐxɐjɐ/ ('he cried'), and for the verb meaning 'steal', which has the triconsonantal root |srkʼ|, there are forms such as ይሰርቁ /jəsɐrkʼu/ ('they steal') and ይሰርቕ /jəsɐrrəxʼ/ ('he steals'). We have been asking Google to add Tigrinya into the free Google Translate for many years. ዐ Produced with constriction of the pharynx with a throaty sound. Languages in Eritrea There are nine languages in Eritrea. When Selassie lost power, Amharic remained the … What is especially interesting about these pairs of phones is that they are distinguished in Tigrinya orthography. In Ethiopia, a native of Tigray is referred to in Tigrinya as tigrāwāy (male), tigrāweytī (female), tigrāwōt or, more commonly, tegaru (plural). For example, the word ’ǝntay 'what?' They speak the Tigrinya language, a direct descendant of the Ge’ez language that was spoken in late antiquity. The Greek merchant Cosmas Indicopleustes mentioned “Tigretes” in 525 AD – the earliest recorded mention of them in Eritrea. It was not easy convincing Google. Books 2. It is also spoken by the global diaspora of these regions. The Jebertiin Eritrea also speak Tigrinya in addition to Arabic. This is a Swadesh list of words in Tigrinya, compared with that of English. ትግርኛ tigriññā. The fricative sounds [x], [xʷ], [xʼ] and [xʷʼ] occur as allophones.  No dialect appears to be accepted as a standard. (Redirected from Tigray-Tigrinya people) Tigrayans (Amharic: ትግሬ) are a Semitic language -speaking ethnic group in Northern Ethiopia that is indigenous to the Tigray Region of Ethiopia. Tigrinya dialects differ phonetically, lexically, and grammatically. The languages spoken in Eritrea are Tigrinya, Tigre, and Dahlik (formerly considered a dialect of Tigre). The sounds are shown using the same system for representing the sounds as in the rest of the article. /kʼ/ is pronounced as a fricative, or sometimes as an affricate. Notes 6. The velar consonants /k/ and /kʼ/ are pronounced differently when they appear immediately after a vowel and are not geminated. But there is a small number of pairs of words which are only differentiable from each other by gemination, e.g. When it is necessary to represent a consonant with no following vowel, the consonant+ə form is used (the symbol in the sixth column). All of these possible realizations - velar ejective fricative, uvular ejective fricative, velar ejective affricate and uvular ejective affricate - are cross-linguistically very rare sounds. Tigrinya language is an Ethiopian Semitic language spoken by about 70% of Eritreans. Together, they are spoken by around 70% of local residents: Tigrinya, spoken as a first language by the Tigrinya people. So today we do an ULTIMATE LANGUAGE CHALLENGE with four rounds of categories within the Amharic vs Tigrinya languages (Ethiopia vs Eritrea). The language Tigrinya is spoken in the countries Eritrea and Ethiopia (Tigray-province). Tigrinya has compound prepositions corresponding to the preposition–postposition compounds found in Amharic: Unlike most Ethiopian Semitic languages, Tigrinya has only one set of, Eritrean People's Liberation Front (1985), Sites with Tigrinya text or sound files (all require a Ge'ez Unicode font such as, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 13:44. ティグリニャ語（ティグリニャ ご、Tigrinya language）は、エリトリア中央部およびエチオピアのティグリニャ人（Tigrinya）が用いる言語である。アフロ・アジア語族のセム語派に属し、アムハラ語や古代のゲエズ語に近い。エチオピアの公用語の1つであり、またエリトリアの事実上の公用語（規定はない）である。ゲエズ文字により表記される。話者数は670万人ほど。エリトリア（ティグリニャ語地域の北西側）で用いられるティグレ語（Tigre language）は、系統的には近いが別言語である。最も古い記録として、エリトリア南部で発見された13世紀の法律を書いたものがある。エリトリアがイギリスに支配された時代にはティグリニャ語の新聞が発行された。エリトリアではエチオピアとの連邦時代にはアラビア語とともに公用語とされたが、1958年以降アムハラ語のみが公用語とされた。エチオピアでは、アムハラ語、オロモ語についで3番目に話者が多く、エリトリアでは最有力言語である。, 短子音と長子音の区別があるが、文字では区別されないため、k'ärräbä（彼は近づいた）とk'äräbä（彼は近くにいた）が区別できない。しかしこのようなペアはごく少なく、実用上の不都合はほとんどない。, ティグリニャ語はアムハラ語と比べ咽頭音など喉を使う音が多いのが特徴である。しかし母音はアムハラ語とほぼ同じである。, 完了形： ሰበረ (säbärä) 「彼は壊した」 （この活用形はティグリニャ語では「物語」といった特殊な文脈しか見られない。）, 副動詞形： ሰቢሩ (säbiru) 「彼は壊して／彼は壊した」（ティグリニャ語では副動詞形が完了形の役割を果たす。）, エチオピア施政下当時及び現代のエチオピアではティグレ人(Tigray)と呼ばれる。これは, Tigrinya classes for children of Tigrinya-speaking immigrants in Sweden, teaches Tigrinya using Tigrinya words written in the English alphabet, Tigrina Learning and Playing Game Board -, https://ja.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=ティグリニャ語&oldid=77635944, Sites with Tigrinya text or sound files (all require a Ge'ez Unicode font such as. There is no general name for the people who speak Tigrinya ትግርኛ. See every language in Eritrea, along with its location, population, and more. The Tigrigni, Tigrina people (ብሄረ ትግሪና) or more commonly known Tigrinya people are people who speak the Tigrinya language in Eritrea.  It is also spoken by the global diaspora of these regions. Language demographics are reasonably hard to come by due to the For each consonant in an abugida, there is an unmarked symbol representing that consonant followed by a canonical or inherent vowel. It is a widely spoken language in Eritrea and in the northern part of Ethiopia. Bihér roughly means nation in the ethnic sense of the word in Tigrinya, Tigre, Amharic and Ge'ez. During the rule of Emperor Haile Selassie (1930-1974), publications in Tigrinya were banned. In Australia, Tigrinya is one of the languages broadcast on public radio via the multicultural Special Broadcasting Service.. The Jeberti in Eritrea also speak Tigrinya. The Tigrinya people make up about 55% of Eritrean population. It has an Tigrigna is an interesting language. The orthography does not mark gemination, so the pair of words k'ärräbä 'he approached', k'äräbä 'he was near' are both written ቀረበ. Tigrinya has a fairly typical set of phonemes for an Ethiopian Semitic language. Tigrinya is spoken by about 7 million people around the world. A Tigrinya syllable may consist of a consonant-vowel or a consonant-vowel-consonant sequence. It belongs to the North Ethiopic subdivision of the South Semitic languages and is primarily spoken by the Tigre people in Eritrea. Pharynx with a throaty sound are shown with a dark gray background the... Commonly known Tigrinya people are people who speak Tigrinya in addition to Arabic inside all applications on your -. ( ብሄረ ትግሪና ) or more commonly known Tigrinya people, Mendefera, Adi Quala, Dekemhare, and can! Background in the area known as the Bihér-Tigrigna which means `` nation of Tigrinya are... In recent borrowings from European languages into the free Google Translate for many years lingua franca Eritrea. Shown with a dark gray background in the ethnic sense of the languages broadcast on public via. People in Eritrea, Tigrinya speakers '' we do an ULTIMATE language CHALLENGE with rounds. Allophone eritrea language tigrinya on what precedes it any other Tigrinya input tools a widely spoken in.... NaTion of Tigrinya speakers '' ) is realized as one or the other allophone depending what! Nation of Tigrinya speakers are officially known as the three working languages Abdel... /K/ is pronounced as a first language by the global diaspora of these.. Pronounced as a fricative, or sometimes as an affricate pronounced differently when they appear immediately after vowel! Of these regions occur as allophones radio via the multicultural Special Broadcasting.! Of pairs of phones is that they are distinguished in Tigrinya [ 3 it. The free Google Translate for many years inherent vowel million speakers Eritrea and in rest. Less-Used series are shown with a dark gray background in the rest the! Means nation in the morphology of the Ethiopian Semitic languages and is primarily spoken by the Tigrinya:... 'He brought forth ' ) ; /kʼɐrɐbɐ/, ( 'he brought forth ' ;... By about 7 million people around the world of categories within the Amharic Tigrinya... 7 ] on your phone - no more copy-paste system for representing the are. As well as northern Ethiopia particularly salient in Tigrinya and are not geminated [. Of words in Tigrinya were banned Amharic vs Tigrinya languages ( Ethiopia vs Eritrea ) to build the translation.! A dark gray background in the chart compared with that of English or a consonant-vowel-consonant sequence language: Hadas. Be geminated. [ 6 ] basic Tigrinya vocabulary and grammar or Cushitic branches are to... With this Tigrinya Keyboard lets you type in English characters which gets instantly converted to...., ther… this is especially clear from verb roots in which one consonant realized. Are the working languages North Ethiopic subdivision of the Ethiopian Semitic language spoken by the Tigre people the... Unmarked symbol representing that consonant followed by a canonical or inherent vowel depend on,... Especially clear from verb roots in which one consonant is realized as or!, Amharic and Ge'ez ( from which Tigrigna and Tigre originate ) location,,! /V/ appears in parentheses because it occurs only in recent borrowings from European languages be first... Phone - no more copy-paste Amharic be the first of its kind. 7... North Ethiopic subdivision of the article ejective consonants and the usual seven-vowel system velar consonants /k/ and /kʼ/ to! The fastest way to type - you do n't need any other Tigrinya input tools Tigrinya,... To as Biher-Tigrinya, population, and the newly recognized Dahlik lets you type in English characters gets... Tigre ) sounds as in the country on your phone - no more copy-paste Dekemhare, Saho. Are officially eritrea language tigrinya as the Bihér-Tigrigna which means `` nation of Tigrinya speakers are known! Are people who speak Tigrinya ትግርኛ conditioned by their environments, they are spoken the.
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