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reflection about decision making

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Show More. Reflection On Decision Making. Previous Next. When one works in a group, there is requirement of making productive and positive decisions together. Formal search could have avoided the risk of availability heuristics while making the decision of giving rates to the employees, thus leading to satisfactory outcomes (Schermerhorn, 2011). A systematic approach is required for decision making so that decisions could be taken with confidence no matter what type of decisions has to be taken (Shapira, 2002). 1 Increasingly, SDM is considered a valued component of patient‐centred and high‐quality care. Research about decision-making is also published under the label problem solving, particularly in European psychological research. The concept of presence of biases such as judgmental biases, and availability heuristics present risk to decision making process that can be done away with formal search of the situation and taking rational decisions that do not take only the recent occurrences or actions into consideration, but also previous actions and occurrences for arriving at decisions that give satisfactory outcomes both at the personal level if personal decisions are made; and at organizational level if managerial decisions are made in context of the workplace. My manager was very experienced and had a good knowledge of the processes and function of the human resource department. The decisions made in the past affect the choices available today and the decisions that are to be made today (Keller, Siegrist & Gutscher, 2006). It is integral for attaining success at the workplace and in life (Jaeger, 2001). At the time of appraisal of newly selected employees few months after, the manager ignored the fact that the performance of the employee was below expectations. Over the first 4 weeks of this class we have had many class discussions and readings, which have brought up a great deal of thinking. However, I did not take the decision of appointing the candidate to the post, but I was involved in the decision making process as I had to inquire about the situation with my supervisor regarding the negotiations. The risk with this bias in decision making is that the manager’s decision of rating the employee on average performance based on his recent performance ignores the true picture of the overall performance of the employee during the whole period (Keller, Siegrist & Gutscher, 2006). The normative heuristics suggests that the decision making process is characterized by limited processing of the information, judgmental heuristics are present while making decisions as they are the shortcuts to the way of simplified decision making, and satisficing which means that the solution that meet the minimum requirements and is good enough as a solution is chosen. RLF Reflection: Decision-Making in Uncertain Times. Contacts Email: info@reflectionsinc.us. Availability bias is the tendency of people to place their judgments on the basis of the information that is readily and recently available to them (Gilovich, Griffin & Kahneman, 2002). Decision making is an important part of the management processes and is considered as a key skill at the workplace as well as other scenarios where critical decisions are to be taken. Pearson (2013) clarifies “clinical decision making is essential to every aspect of care delivered to a patient” (p. 214). Events that have occurred more recently have the tendency to remain more available in the memory of people. But, as he did well in the test and based on his interview, he was selected. This model takes into consideration the fact that decision makers are bound by certain constraints while they make any decision. If you want HR Management Assignment Help study samples to help you write professional custom essay’s and essay writing help. And that’s exactly the point: Self-reflection helps us sharpen our focus to make better decisions. If this framework had been studied at the situation I faced at the workplace, I could have understood the assumptions of the model in real context and the limitations in making the decision. While I was training I completed a section of the study which focused on how sensitivity to reward and punishment influences decision making capabilities. Another model that can be applied to the decision making process and can increase the understanding of decision making is normative model. The essay reflects the critical personal reflection on decision making in a scenario with discussion on what issues emerged during the situations and the decisions made and how they could have been dealt with the use of models and frameworks related to decision making process. Decision making is one of the very important aspects in business organizations as well as in personal life. Implementing this model in the presented scenario, formal search should have been done for the performance appraisal of the newly joined employees, rather than making decision according to the recent performance shown by the employee. As it would have been known that availability bias could occur in the decision making process, and to avoid this risk, more frequent feedback to employees could be provided and giving the feedback shortly after the occurrence of the negative behavior or outcome (Griffin & Moorhead, 2011). Every decision-making process produces a final choice, which may or may not prompt action. Decision-Making: Reflections on Making a Major Life Change. Reflection is like looking into the mirror and saying what you see. This essay is a reflective examination of a care episode in the domain of mental health nursing, in relation to the processes of nursing decision making, clinical reasoning, and processes associated with patient care planning and management. Following this model, managers make rational decisions according to them, but without doing formal search for the problem (Sanderson & Gruen, 2006). This paper introduces a three-item "Cognitive Reflection Test" (CRT) as a simple measure of one type of cognitive ability—the ability or disposition to reflect on a question and resist reporting the first response that comes to mind. Therefore, the appropriate understanding of the models, theories and concepts related to decision making process can improve the level of decision making, thus making the organization able to achieve the intended outcomes through critical decisions made in complex situations. I had the responsibility of doing job analysis by helping my supervisor in setting job description and job specification, making spreadsheets for salary and selecting appropriate candidates out of the pool of applicants for the desired posts in the organization. They look at few options and choose the one that appears to be the most satisfactory (Robbins, 2010). My result of the self-assessments of decision-making shows I have a behavioral style which indicates vague options cannot be tolerated for me and I may pay more attention to the people and social concern. On October 29, Coco Chu gave a presentation on decision-making in uncertain times. various decision-making characteristics, like time and risk preferences.3 On the page on which the CRT appeared, respondents were told only: “Below are several problems that vary in difficulty. Therefore, understanding of the normative model could have improved the situation of decision making, and if I were to make such decision, I would have not foregone the prior performances of the employee, through my understanding of judgmental heuristics and models related to decision making.Conclusion. ^��貱��[��O{"�b�����������T? The reflection used while teaching whereby the teacher seeks to respond to ongoing situations is known as reflection in action. If decision making can lead to success at work, it can also lead to failure at times if the conditions at the time of decision making were not right and there is misfit between what is required to be done and what has been done. The rational decision making model comprises of six steps. Knowledge of the factor of availability bias can solve the problem of understanding of the overall performance of the employee. Another organizational constraint on decision making related to the scenario mentioned is historical precedents. HR managers have a great task of simplifying complex information and deducing facts especially while interviewing and selecting candidates. ... explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of the individual patient. � �]�r�8���O��Ԯ�[���o)�\�$3�I6�q�R�SS)��$��%H��U�[uWu��k��\w A��W�����X"A������гo^�;}���Wl�N“�g������G�*�$��,]LE����t��qu�q���0��4��-��ldR0�&��6z3����ߎ�i3�^��,��fIĸ;���wbk�;��I��&"�ҭ���%>q�}��������j&��M S�����DL�(]�j�1��d�������aظFJ�&�׏�lO5�>w�D�T� In These six steps are having its assumptions as mentioned above. What is Decision Making? Eleven years ago, she dropped out of college and joined the Navy. Decisions, simple or complex, impact our daily lives. Once these constraints are well understood in a decision making situation, better decision could be taken for satisfactory outcomes. He had 1.5 years of experience in the related field but not the exact field for which the applications were invited. This process comes under bounded rationality in which the human mind cannot formulate and then solve the problems in a full rational way. However, measurement challenges make it … According to Nursing and Midwifery Council (2008a, p.7), … The issue can be subjected to the availability heuristic. However, in practical context, the decision makers do not follow the exact model. I worked as an intern in XYZ Company in the HR department and my role was to assist the manager in its HR activities, such as recruitment, selection, making performance sheets and making checklists for determining the performance of the employees on the sheet. As salary was negotiable, he was appointed for a good amount of remuneration based on his prior experience and his excel in the work. Our reference papers serve as model papers for students and are not to be submitted as it is. It is important to focus on the interest and not on positions, allowing for mutual gain and acceptance of the objective criteria (Sanderson & Gruen, 2006). The results of decision making style includes the allowance of independent actions in a job, the practical results in job, creative approaches when I face with solving a problem, the preference of using many options during usage of information, the solving of difficult problem and many others. 1429 Words 6 Pages. Understanding of the theoretical concept of availability bias at the time of making the decision of giving moderate rating to the candidate in performance appraisal by the manager could have could have solved the problem of decision making in performance appraisal (Gilovich, Griffin & Kahneman, 2002). Good decision making demands understanding of the constraints and gathering of all information related to the situation, so that risk could be avoided and success could be ensured. The psychologists and other professionals at the … Get Your Court Ordered Decision Making Course Certificate In a Few Easy Steps. A successful, productive and efficient decision making at the workplace involves adequate knowledge of oneself and the group, gathering data, evaluating data, selection and development of plan. In one situation, I had to work with my supervisor to select a candidate for a post that required prior experience in the same field. If decision making as an individual action is difficult enough, it is all the more complicated when performed by a group. The decision of appointing the candidate for the concerned post at negotiable remunerations did not prove to have satisfactory outcomes. It means reviewing past experiences and making insights about them. Reflection and Discernment in a Dynamic World Reflection Reflection is a careful thought about oneself, one’s behaviour and one’s beliefs. In shared decision making (SDM), patients and clinicians work to‐ gether in making decisions about health and care.1 Increasingly, SDM is considered a valued component of patient‐centred and high‐qual‐ ity care.2 As interest in SDM interventions grow, so does the need to properly assess SDM in research and practice. To get more information, please contact us or visit www.myassignmenthelp.Com. Disclaimer:- All materials and works provided by us are intended to be used for research and referencing purposes only. There are several ways to see whether the decisions you’re making will ultimately lead to the results you’d hoped for. 2 As interest in SDM interventions grow, so does the need to properly assess SDM in research and practice. Your reflection should reflect on your experiences or behavior that led to you being found in violation of university policy. There must be adequate knowledge, objectivity and commitment. Evidence-based decision making is a prescriptive approach to making choices based on ideas of how research and theory can be used to improve decision making in regards to delivery and quality of patient care. The decision maker has to make consistent, rational and value maximizing choices within the specified organizational or personal constraints. Read more. In its simplest sense, decision-making is the act of choosing between two or more courses of action. Background: Reflecting ("stop-and-think") before rating may help patients consider the quality of shared decision making (SDM) and mitigate ceiling/halo effects that limit the performance of … However, a powerful tool for making decisions, which is sometimes overlooked, is self reflection. Did you buy assignment and assignment writing services from our experts in a very affordable price. These six steps include defining the problem, identification of the decision criteria, allocation of weights to the criteria, development of alternatives, evaluation of alternatives and selection of the best alternative. Abstract This paper introduces a three-item "Cognitive Reflection Test" (CRT) as a simple measure of one type of cognitive ability—the ability or disposition to reflect on a question and resist reporting the first response that comes to mind. Receive assured help from our talented and expert writers! The manager, in the present scenario discussed, made the decision of selecting the candidate in the past, and is now confident that he has made the best hiring decision regardless of the evidences that show the opposite situation. I worked on making calls to potential applicants, inviting them to appear for the aptitude tests and undertaking preliminary interview. The manager continually accumulates the information even before the problem arises, and uses this information that is pre accumulated or saved in mind to come at some decision for the problem. For me, making decisions is really a hard work. From the self-assessment, I learned about the decision making style. The model relies on a number of assumptions. This proved to be a timely topic as converging pandemics has largely disrupted every aspect of our lives. Decision making is an important part of the management processes and is considered as a key skill at the workplace as well as other scenarios where critical decisions are to be taken. These decisions follow a six step model which is called a rational decision making model. Therefore, the judgment of the manager is clouded with his prior experiences and the recent performance of the employee ignoring the overall performance (Wagner & Hollenbeck, 2009). !_,����Dl5����_Z�n��8�?ƾ�=�/�n(�Q:vڿCX��P\��He'�tI��?Nİ�i�Q�`W�f`��w�:p,7��H�b'b+l���]ߍ`5/�Ll�����zB�-��j�f�jz{������_�_A�~��V�W���ZĞnX�~�k�Ń��OJ_�H����m��^#����7}��x���4NR�����ç��+���[u���x���ԟn:�vo�َ�}PZ�7�3g ��{I6ȓn�S�,�8���^�;�G0���8i��ّ�o��v�bқ�dD�s���4�r�+��`&���8H�#���3M�3O�ti]�2s�w�/Mw��i5՟� ���`���8�E���k���� _x��,>~��M7�#g��%^p�%�qh�r���S�&�tB��p:,�nQ3�zD��T�^��8q�q ,I��jW_�v���7FR?~�{�/�R�K��������@7����`9���CPL�x. The combination of confidence with the ability to listen to others and learn from them is the key to increase the decision-making abilities over a period of time (Phillips & Gully, 2011). Information Reflections Inc. Court Ordered Online Classes English/ Spanish Courses . There are two models and one theory discussed including rational model, normative model, and the rational action theory by Simon, all of which give an idea of presence constraints in decision making and assumptions in decision making process. Critical reflection allows teachers to debrief said situations and make informed decisions through reflection. Using reflection, this essay will attempt to examine the care of an older adult with dementia, in order to examine the elements of clinical decision making and clinical reasoning in relation to their care and the management of care for them in the longer term. Reflection can be used in improving decision making by firstly, understanding the various levels of reflection and how best to use them so as to be effective (Danielson, 2008). A person decides on multiple things throughout their day, like what they should have for dinner, the clothes they should wear, or the beginning a new relationship. 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